The Indian Nitrogen Group was established by the Society for Conservation of Nature (SCON). The SCON, a voluntary body of scientists, brought together some concerned Indian experts from diverse backgrounds to discuss the issue. This was followed by a series of nationwide consultations in association with the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) in 2005 and with the Union government’s Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and Indian National Science Academy (INSA) in 2006, with active support from other agencies such as the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). The discussions at NAAS on Nr and N use efficiency in Indian agriculture led to the adoption of a policy paper titled “Policy options for efficient N use”. A network of nitrogen researchers and experts called ‘Indian Nitrogen Group’ (ING) has also been formalized as an outcome of the INSA workshop in 2006. ING has begun to identify gap areas and catalyse research into them. ING also came into contact with the International Nitrogen Network (INI), which evolved a few years earlier to address similar concerns and bring about international coordination. Other recent regional initiatives elsewhere, such as an organization called “Nitrogen in Europe” and the “NitroEuropeIP”, a project for integrated European research into the N cycle, highlight the growing concerns related to nitrogen at the national, regional or international level. ING will coordinate with such bodies to harmonise the national regional and international concerns and priorities on reactive N.